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Digital Watermarking and Stenography via Overlays of Halftone Images

Copyright 2004 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. This paper was (will be) published in and is made available as an electronic reprint [preprint] with permission of SPIE. Single print or electronic copies for personal use only are allowed. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations through an electronic listserver or other electronic means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commericial purposes, or modification of the content of the pater are all prohibited. By choosing to view or print this document, you agree to all the provisions of the copyright law protecting it.

Recently, several watermarking schemes have been proposed that embed a watermark into two halftone images such that the watermark can be extracted by overlaying these halftone images. The watermark images in these schemes are binary images and the pixels in the two halftone images are correlated or not depending on whether the corresponding pixel in the watermark is on or o.. In these schemes, the watermark is binary and does not contain detailed features. Furthermore, the extracted watermark contains residual patterns from the two images which reduces the fidelity of the extracted watermark image. This paper proposes a watermarking algorithm that addresses these problems. In addition, the proposed scheme admits more general watermark extraction functions and allows embedding of multiple watermark images.

By: Chai Wah Wu, Gerhard Thompson, Mikel Stanich

Published in: SPIE Proceedings, volume 5561, (no 1), pages 152-63 in 2004

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