Latent defect screening for high-reliability glass-ceramic multichip module copper interconnects
by E. J. Yarmchuk, C. W. Cline, D. C. Bruen
Nonlinear electrical conduction effects arising from local heating provide a means for detecting the presence of latent defects that are at risk of becoming open electronic circuits under stress. A special choice of ac drive current results in a dc intermodulation signal produced by nonlinear conduction, and offers several practical advantages over previous techniques involving ac harmonics. A key feature is the use of digital signal processing to provide speed, accuracy, and flexibility of measurement. A manufacturing screening system involving an automated prober integrated with the defect-detection tool is used to test high-performance glass-ceramic substrate interconnects used in advanced microelectronic packaging.