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IBM Journal of Research and Development  
Volume 22, Number 3, Page 213 (1978)
Surface Science
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Model Study in Chemisorption: Molecular Orbital Cluster Theory for Atomic Hydrogen on Be(0001)

by C. W. Bauschlicher,Jr., P. S. Bagus, H. F. Schaefer,III
The interaction between atomic hydrogen and the (0001) surface of Be has been studied by using clusters of Be atoms to simulate the substrate. The largest cluster used contains 22 Be atoms, 14 in the first layer and 8 in a second layer. An H atom is added to the Be clusters at four high symmetry adsorption sites. Ab initio molecular orbital Hartree-Fock wave functions have been obtained and the interaction energy of H with the Be cluster is studied as a function of vertical distance from the surface. Thorough studies of various aspects of the computations and of the appropriate interpretation of the cluster results are reported. Our results show that three of the sites considered have similar binding energies, De ≈ 50 kcal/mol (≈2.1 × 105 J/mol), and (vertical) equilibrium distances from the surface, re ≈ 0.1 nm. For the fourth site, H directly over a Be atom, De is ≈30 kcal/mol (1.3 × 105 J/mol), and re is ≈0.14 nm. We expect that the dissociative adsorption of H2 on Be(0001) will be exothermic. A model calculation for diffusion of H into the bulk indicates that this process is energetically unfavorable for an ideal (0001) surface. The vibrational energies for the motion of H normal to the surface are found to be substantially different for sites with different surface coordinations. The nature of the covalent bond formed between H and Be(0001) is analyzed.
Related Subjects: Chemistry and chemical engineering; Electron trap characterization; Materials; Physical chemistry