IBM Journal of Research and Development
IBM Skip to main content
  Home     Products & services     Support & downloads     My account  

  Select a country  
Journals Home  
  Systems Journal  
Journal of Research
and Development
    Current Issue  
    Recent Issues  
    Papers in Progress  
    Recent publications  
    Author's Guide  
  Contact Us  
  Related links:  
     IBM Research  

IBM Journal of Research and Development  
Volume 31, Number 2, Page 249 (1987)
Mathematics and Computing
  Full article: arrowPDF   arrowCopyright info


Efficient randomized pattern-matching algorithms

by R. M. Karp, M. O. Rabin
We present randomized algorithms to solve the following string-matching problem and some of its generalizations: Given a string X of length n (the pattern) and a string Y (the text), find the first occurrence of X as a consecutive block within Y. The algorithms represent strings of length n by much shorter strings called fingerprints, and achieve their efficiency by manipulating fingerprints instead of longer strings. The algorithms require a constant number of storage locations, and essentially run in real time. They are conceptually simple and easy to implement. The method readily generalizes to higher-dimensional pattern-matching problems.
Related Subjects: Algorithms; Pattern Recognition