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IBM Journal of Research and Development  
Volume 26, Number 4, Page 446 (1982)
Microprocessor Systems Development
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Physical Design of a Custom 16-Bit Microprocessor

by A. Correale
The physical chip design aspects of a 16-bit, single-chip, custom-macro-designed microprocessor are described. This microprocessor represents the IBM System Products Division's highest-density VLSI FET processor design to date. The chip is a complex arrangement of over 6500 VLSI circuits utilizing a state-of-the-art polysilicon-gate HMOS-1 (high-performance MOS) technology. The physical design of this chip required the use of a comprehensive methodology, from conception through completion. The methodology used in the design of the microprocessor was based on a hierarchical approach and is presented in this paper.
Related Subjects: Integrated circuit design; Microprocessor systems and applications